The Lord’s Supper

The Body:
1 Corinthians 11:23-26
– For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which He was betrayed took bread; and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “This is My body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” In the same way He took the cup also after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood; do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.” For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes.

The Manna
In Greek, ἄρτος artos G740. In Hebrew: מָן mân H4478, meaning: “What is it?”.
Numbers 11:7-8 – “Now the manna was like coriander seed, and its appearance like that of bdellium. The people went about and gathered it, and ground it in mills or beat it in mortars . .”

The coriander seed has a shell that has furrows, resembling the stripes on Jesus after the whipping he received at Pontius Pilate’s command. Coriander has to be beaten or ground in a mill before it can be used for cooking or eating. (Γεθσημανῆ Gethsēmanē G1068). Likewise, Jesus was crushed with the burden of the sin of the world in his Gethsēmanē and was bruised and beaten during the two trials.

Jesus spoke of the manna, revealing its true significance:
John 6:48-51 – “I am the bread of life. Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, and they died. This is the bread which comes down from heaven, that a man may eat of it and not die. I am the living bread which came down from heaven; if any one eats of this bread, he will live for ever; and the bread which I shall give for the life of the world is My flesh.”

The Matzo
In Hebrew: מַצָּה matstsâh H4682,
Exodus 12:8 – “And they shall eat the meat on that night, roasted over the fire, and matzos, with bitter herbs, shall they eat it.”

Maztzo is mentioned in the Torah several times in relation to the exodus from Egypt.  Matzo is a perfect picture of the body of Messiah. First of all, matzo has no leaven. Leaven is a shadow and type of sin, and Yeshua knew no sin. Matzo also has stripes on it. This represents the stripes He bore for our healing. Matzo also has dark splotches over it’s surface from the baking process. This represents the bruises the He suffered for our iniquities. Matzo is also pierced so that it won’t curl up when baking. This represents the piercing that Yeshua suffered for our transgressions.

The Afikoman
In the Passover Seder meal the middle matzo is taken and broken in two. This is the portion that Yeshua broke during the Last Supper when He said, “This is my body that is broken for you”. One half of the broken Matzo is wrapped in a white cloth and hidden, to be found later in the meal, so that the children will stay awake. This portion is called the Afikoman. We remember that Jesus three times asked his disciples to “stay awake” (Matthew 26:36-46). We also remember that the middle person of the Godhead was broken for us at Passover, and hiding the middle matzo is a picture of His burial.

The nation of Israel has been taking the middle matzo, the afikoman, and doing this for centuries, not understanding that the Matzo that is broken, wrapped in a cloth, and buried is symbolic of Yeshua their Messiah.

The Blood:
Matthew 26:27-28 – And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you; for this is My blood of the covenant (διαθήκη), which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins.”

The Paschal Lamb Covenant
The most common picture of the blood is the sacrificial blood of the Lamb poured out during the Passover sacrifices and shed by Christ on the cross. But, is there more to the blood than just this picture? Indeed there is:

The Abrahamic Covenant
In Genesis, God pledged to Abraham that if either Abraham or himself would break the covenant, then God alone would shed his blood to fulfill the terms of that covenant. Normally, both parties would be pledging their lives to the endurance of the covenant relationship so the shedding of blood represented an inviolable commitment to loyalty on pain of death. However, in verse 17, God is the only one who walks through the blood sacrifice. Only He will pay the price with His life and blood if the covenant is broken. The covenant is restated in Genesis 17:2-9 and Deuteronomy 1:7-8 for the descendants of Abraham’s son, Isaac. Jesus fulfilled this covenant when He shed His blood on during the trials and ultimately on the cross.

The Wedding Covenant
In a Jewish marriage, the husband-to-be (groom) would establish and pay the purchase price for the bride. Jesus paid the ultimate price by being crucified and shedding his blood. He would then offer the cup of (the blood) betrothal to his prospective bride, thereby pledging his life to and for his bride. If the bride accepted this promise, she would then drink of the cup confirming that she, too, would pledge her life to and for her betrothed. In effect, both promised to shed their blood to fulfill the covenant.

Taking The Supper Rightly:
1 Corinthians 11:27-29 – “Therefore whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner, shall be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord. But a man must examine himself, and in so doing he is to eat of the bread and drink of the cup. For he who eats and drinks, eats and drinks judgment to himself if he does not judge the body rightly.”

If you are taking the bread without fully comprehending that Jesus is the bread (manna, matzo, afikoman), then perhaps you are taking the bread in an unworthy manner. If you are taking the cup without fully comprehending that Jesus’ blood is the blood of the covenants and that in taking the cup you are pledging your life to Jesus just as he has given his life for you then perhaps you are taking the wine in an unworthy manner.

1 Corinthians 11:30-32 – “For this reason many of you are weak and ill, and some have died.. But if we judged ourselves, we would not be judged. But when we are judged by the Lord, we are disciplined so that we may not be condemned along with the world.”

Taking the Lord’s Supper in an unworthy manner brings judgment. Therefore, take the Lord’s Supper in a worthy manner, for the time grows short and one does not want to be found wanting when Christ returns.

Additional Scripture and Notes
Manna is derived from the Hebrew word מָן mân H4478, meaning: “What is it?”
Exodus 16:15 – “And when the dew had gone up, there was on the face of the wilderness a fine, flake-like thing, fine as hoarfrost on the ground. When the people of Israel saw it, they said to one another, ‘What is it?’ For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, ‘It is the bread which The Lord has given you to eat . . .’ ”

Numbers 11:9 – “When the dew fell upon the camp in the night, the manna fell with it.”

Exodus 16:19-35 – The people were only to gather enough manna for one day because it would otherwise spoil. However, they were to gather enough for two days on the sixth day because no manna would be given on the Sabbath, and neither would it spoil. The manna began about one month after the leaving Egypt and was given for the entire forty years of their passage through the wilderness.

Joshua 5:12 – “The manna ceased on the day they ate the produce of the land, and the Israelites no longer had manna; they ate the crops of the land of Canaan that year.”

John 6:31-33 – “Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness; as it is written, ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’ ” Jesus then said to them, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, it was not Moses who gave you the bread from heaven; My Father gives you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is that which comes down from heaven, and gives life to the world.’ ”


Exodus 12:18 – “In the first month, in the evening of the fourteenth day of the month, you shall eat matzos, until the evening of the twenty-first day of the month.”

Deuteronomy 16:3 – “You shall eat no leavened bread with it; seven days you shall eat matzos, the bread of affliction; for in haste did you come forth out of the land of Egypt; that you may remember the day when you came forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of your life.”

Deuteronomy 16:8 – “Six days you shall eat matzos and on the seventh day shall be a solemn assembly to the LORD your God; you shall do no work therein.”

The Abrahamic Covenant
Genesis 15:9, 10, 17 – 9. “And he said unto him, Take me an heifer of three years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon.” 10. “And he took unto him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each piece one against another: but the birds divided he not.” 17. “And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.”

The Supper
Matthew 26:27-28 – “And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you; for this is My blood of the covenant (διαθήκη), which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins.”

Mark 14:22-23 – “And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He gave it to them, and they all drank from it.
And He said to them, ‘This is My blood of the covenant (διαθήκη), which is poured out for many’.”

Luke 22:20 – “Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new (καινός) testament (διαθήκη) in my blood, which is shed for you.”

διαθήκη diathēkē G1242; a disposition that is, specifically, a contract, covenant, or testament.
καινός kainos G2537; new, fresh, new things.