Importance of Enoch and The Book of Enoch
Enoch [חֲנוֹךְH2585] is an interesting person to study given that his name is only mentioned a few times in scripture. He is only mentioned in Genesis 5, Luke 3, Hebrews 11, and Jude 1. What then, makes him so important?
Facts We Know About Enoch
• Enoch is the seventh descendent of Adam and Eve and is mentioned in the list of the ten patriarchs in Genesis 5.
• Enoch is the first person to be translated [raptured]:
Genesis 5:22-24 – “And Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah three hundred years, and begat sons and daughters: 23And all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years: And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him.”
This makes Enoch fairly unique in Biblical circles – only one other has been raptured up to heaven without first experiencing death – Elijah. Enoch, having lived sixty five years already, walked with the Lord three hundred more years after Methuselah was born, then was taken.Enoch walked in faith the 365 years of his life. No matter what happened, he trusted and obeyed Yahweh. Yahweh loved Enoch so much he spared him the experience of an early death. In the Sefer Hekalot, Rabbi Ishmael states that Enoch, just like Elijah, was taken up in sight of a vast crowd begging him to stay, ascending to Heaven on a horse. The Book of Jasher also tells us that “Enoch ascended into Heaven in a whirlwind with horses and chariots of fire.” (Jasher 3:36).
• Enoch did not keep silent about the sin around him:
Jude 1:14-15 – “Enoch, who lived in the seventh generation after Adam, prophesied about these people. He said, “Listen! The Lord is coming with countless thousands of his holy ones. See, the Lord is coming with thousands upon thousands of his holy ones to judge everyone, and to convict all of them of all the ungodly acts they have committed in their ungodliness, and of all the defiant words ungodly sinners have spoken against him.”
• Enoch’s faith pleased God:
Hebrews 11:5-6 – “For before he was taken, he was commended as one who pleased God. And without faith it is impossible to please God, because anyone who comes to him must believe that he exists and that he rewards those who earnestly seek him.”
• Enoch is listed as one of the sons of Adam:
Luke 3:37-38 – “Methuselah, who was the son of Enoch, who was the son of Jared, who was the son of Mahalaleel, who was the son of Cainan, who was the son of Enosh, who was the son of Seth, who was the son of Adam, who was the son of God.”
Inferences We Can Make About Enoch
• According to tradition, Shavuot is the day that Enoch was born and the day that he was also translated [raptured] to be with Yahweh. His rapture parallels Elijah’s rapture – Several books confirm this. His rapture also parallels the ascension of Yeshua – all three involve horses.
• Enoch is credited with the invention of the art of writing according to the Book of Jubilees, another book mentioned in Biblical scripture. He is also credited with teaching astronomy and arithmetic according to the Sefer Yuḥasin.
• Enoch is seen by many as an example of the church being translated prior to the beginning of the tribulation period, especially since Yahweh said that the day of His coming would be like the days of Noah. Enoch’s name means: to teach, to train up; two primary purposes of the believing disciple. In Noah’s days the unbelieving world was destroyed in the judgment, a believing remnant was protected, and Enoch disappeared before the judgment. At the end of days, the unbelieving world will again be destroyed in the judgment, a believing remnant of Israel will be preserved through the judgment, and the church will be translated just like Enoch – before the judgment!
• Enoch was the seventh generation from Adam. Seven is the perfect number of completeness in Hebrew, and his being of the seventh generation emphasizes his perfect standing in the eyes of Yahweh.
• Because Enoch has not yet experienced death, he may be the second of the two witnesses during the Tribulation Period, though some believe the second person will be Moses. Malachi 4:5 says of one witness: “Behold, I will send Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful Day Of The Lord.” Moses, however, has already experienced death and it is appointed to man only once to experience this event (Hebrews 9:27).
Facts We Know About The Book of Enoch
Many object to any mention or use of the Book of Enoch due to its exclusion from the Bible, but is this a valid reason to ignore what is says? I think not!
• The Book of Enoch was well known to Yeshua, the apostles, and the first century churches, but book later fell into disfavor with powerful because of its controversial statements on the nature and deeds of the fallen angels.
• The Book of Enoch was thought to have been lost, but in 1773, rumors of a surviving copy of the book drew Scottish explorer James Bruce to Ethiopia and he found that the book had been preserved by the Ethiopic church which considered it to be on par with the other books of the Bible. Enoch is still revered in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church along with the Book of Jubilees. Together they are regarded as the 13th and 14th books, respectively, of their Old Testament scriptures.
• The Ethiopian text became known to modern students through a translation from this into English by Archbishop Lawrence, in 1821. One of the most accurate translations of The Book of Enoch is the one translated by R.H. Charles, Doctor of Letters, in 1917.
• In 1956, during the excavation of the Dead Sea Scrolls, a scroll called 1 Enoch was discovered. This scroll is what is commonly referred to as The Book of Enoch. The Scrolls found at Qumran prove that the book was in existence before the time of Jesus Christ, as far back as at least the second century B.C, perhaps even older.
• The Book of Enoch tells us about Enoch’s activities and the timing of his rapture:
Enoch 81:5-6 – “And those seven holy ones brought me and placed me on the earth before the door of my house, and said to me: ‘Declare everything to your son Methuselah, and show to all thy children that no flesh is righteous in the sight of the Lord, for He is their Creator. One year we will leave thee with thy son, till you give Your (last) commands, that you may teach thy children and record (it) for them, and testify to all thy children; and in the second year they shall take you from their midst.”
Scripture appears to agree. Enoch taught his son, Methuselah, whose name can mean: “his death brings.” Enoch was taken before this death. Upon Methuselah’s death, Noah boarded the Ark and the rains and flooding started seven days later.
• Numerous quotations and references from The Book of Enoch can be found throughout scripture:
The name, Azazel, appears in Leviticus 16:8–10: “And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for Yahweh, and the other lot for Azazel. And Aaron shall present the goat upon which the lot fell for Yahweh, and offer him for a sin-offering. But the goat, on which the lot fell for Azazel, shall be set alive before Yahweh, to make atonement over him, to send him away for Azazel into the wilderness.” But nowhere in scripture do we find who Azazel is! Only by reading The Book of Enoch can we find the history and activities of Azazel!
The Book of Enoch Chapters 8-10, informs us that Azazel is one of the leaders of the angels who desired the daughters of men, and it was he who taught “men to make swords, and knives, and shields, and breastplates, and made known to them the metals of the earth and the art of working them, and bracelets, and ornaments, and the use of antimony, and the beautifying of the eyelids, and all kinds of costly stones, and all coloring tinctures” (8:1–2). Azazel taught “all unrighteousness on earth and revealed the eternal secrets which were (preserved) in heaven, which men were striving to learn.” (9:6-7). Chapter ten then goes into many of the reasons why Yahweh had to flood the earth. These events appear to be retold in Genesis 6. Further more, Enoch informs us that it is commanded that an angel, Raphael, was to “bind the hands and feet of Azazel and cast him into the darkness.” The other angels (watchers) that were involved were also bound and cast into the darkness (10:1-16:4). Both Jude 1:6 and 2 Peter 2:4 clearly appear to be referencing these events describe by the Book of Enoch.
Jude 1:14-15 is virtually a direct quote of Enoch 1:9, which says: “And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of His holy ones to execute judgment upon all, and to destroy all the ungodly: And to convict all flesh of all the works of their ungodliness which they have ungodly committed, and of all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.” This theme is repeated in Deuteronomy 33:2-3; Job 5:1; Psalms 16:3 & 34:9; and in Zechariah 14:5.
The phrase, “And to these also Enoch, the seventh from Adam,” which begins Jude’s verses, is found in Enoch 60:8, which says it this way: “my grandfather was taken up, the seventh from Adam.” Seven is the perfect number in Hebrew, and it emphasizes the perfect standing of Enoch in the eyes of Yahweh.
Luke 9:35 – “Then a voice came out of the cloud, saying, ‘This is My Son, My Chosen One; listen to Him’!”
The words translated “chosen one” is the Greek word eklegō [ἐκλέγω G1586]. It can be literally translated selected or elect one. The phrase “Elect One” is found throughout the Book of Enoch. According to book, the Elect One would “sit upon the throne of glory” and would “dwell in the midst of them.” These phrases are also used throughout scripture in reference to Yeshua. So, when Luke tells us that Yeshua is the chosen, or elect one, Luke may simply be affirming that the prophecies given in the Book of Enoch have now been fulfilled.
• The Book of Enoch was written to inform those who would be living in the end times.
Enoch 1:1-2 – “The words of the blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the elect and righteous, who will be living in the day of tribulation, when all the wicked and godless are to be removed.”
• The Book of Enoch can be divided into several sections, each of which has a particular theme. The first section tells about the time of Noah and Yahweh’s judgments on the earth and the fallen angels. The next section deals with Enoch’s rapture. Section three deals with astronomy and portals on the earth. The fourth section deals with sin and with Israel’s history from the time of Noah until the final judgment, including portions regarding the conversion of the Gentiles (i.e. the Bride of Christ), the resurrection, and the second coming of Yeshua. The final section deals with suffering, the denouncing of all evils, and the woes that will come upon the sinner.
Inferences We Can Make About The Book Of Enoch
• The Book of Enoch is old. It may even precede the Book of Job. It is clearly referenced in Genesis and Leviticus.
• The Book of Enoch was considered as authentic scripture, especially the part about the fallen angels and their prophesied judgment.
• Many of the key words and themes used by scripture may be connected to the Book of Enoch, as over one hundred phrases and terms in the Newer Covenant find parallels in the Book of Enoch. The similarities in terminology and teaching are striking. Many of the phrases used by Peter, Jude, and others are virtually direct quotes from the Book of Enoch.
Both Enoch and the Book of Enoch are worthy of study. Both have much to teach us about the time we live in. Enoch looked forward to see much of history up to the day of judgment and Messiah’s return. Several prophecies in the Book of Enoch have been fulfilled as noted by writers of the Biblical scriptures. Now, we can be sure that Yeshua will come and that he will do exactly as Enoch has also prophesied!
Enoch is an important person despite the minimal references to him in the Bible. He is the first to be raptured, and that event set the pattern for all future raptures in scripture – all involve horses. The just are taken out before Yahweh punishes the unbelieving and corrupt. Seven is the perfect number in Hebrew, and Enoch being the seventh generation from Adam emphasizes the perfect standing of Enoch in the eyes of Yahweh. Revelation 10:7 tells us that the mystery of God would be finished when the seventh Angel sounds his trumpet. Scripture tells us that two witnesses will appear prior to this sounding. One witness will be Elijah. Perhaps, just as he was one of the first days witnesses, he will also be one of the two last days witnesses.
Enoch is the only prophet from the centuries before the Flood whose words have been preserved for us. The Book of Enoch, though well known to those at the time of Yeshua’s first coming, was written for those who will live in the season of tribulation, and how amazing that they have come fully to light once again at about the same time that Israel became a nation, mere decades before the rapture of the Bride of Christ and the tribulation period of seven years. While not considered scripture by many, the Biblical scriptures make liberal use of themes, phrases, and terms first coined by this book. It is not by accident or coincidence that this book is referenced and quoted by the Bible. Scripture confirms that this book is authentic and worthy of study.