Exodus 24:8 – “Behold the blood of the covenant that Yahweh has made with you.”
Hebrews 9:20 – “This is the blood of the covenant which God has ordained for you.”
The blood of the covenant is an important doctrine in the Bible. It comes from the Hebrew word briyth [בְּרִית H1285] and/or the Greek word diatheke [διαθήκη G1242], both of which mean a contract. The contract is often made by passing between pieces of flesh, hence the expressions “making a blood contract” or “cutting the covenant”.
History tells us that a covenant was and is an agreement between two parties. The agreement, according to custom, consists of several parts:
● Identification of parties.
● Historical prologue where the deeds establishing the worthiness of the dominant party is established.
● Conditions of the agreement.
● Rewards and punishments in regard to keeping the conditions.
● Disposition of the documents where each party receives a copy of the agreement (e.g. the two tablets of stone of the 10 Commandments).
The Exchanges of a Blood Covenant.
The coat signifies the identity and authority of the person, group, or tribe entering into the covenant. Each participant in this ceremony says “Everything I am, everything I represent, all my possessions are no longer my own, I now belong to you.”
The belts hold the bow, knife, sword, or any other weapons, and signifies that all my strength now belongs to you. Your enemies and my enemies are now each other’s enemies. Your friends and my friends are now each other’s friends. We will serve each other whenever needed.
An animal is now sacrificed by splitting it down the backbone. It is usually a bull, a goat, or a lamb. The halves are laid open with a pool of blood between them. Both parties walk in a figure eight between the halves and meet in the middle in the pool of blood, symbolizing an eternal or never-ending relationship. Both parties meet face to face and pronounce the blessings and the curses of the covenant. A pledge is given by both parties stating: “Just as this animal gave its life so I will give my life if necessary.”
While standing in the blood, both parties declare that all their possessions are available to their covenant partner if they ever have need of them.
Each participant takes the others name to himself, indicating that both are no longer concerned only with themselves, but with their blood covenant partner. You care for your blood partner the same as you care for yourself because the two of you are now one.
An incision is made in either the palms or the wrists of each participant with a knife. The two participants now either shake hands or put their bleeding wrists together so that the blood intermingles, symbolizing that the two bloods / two lives, have become one blood / one life.
A dark substance such as charcoal would be rubbed into the wounds so that when they healed a dark scar would be clearly visible, clearly identifying both as being in covenant with someone else.
The two partners then break one loaf of bread and place a piece of that bread into their covenant partner’s mouth, demonstrating that a part of each of us has gone into the other and that the covenant partners have become one.
Old Testament Covenants
God made several covenants in the Old Testament:
● Edenic, God’s promise of redemption (Genesis 3:15).
● Noachian, for the preservation of the race (Genesis 9:9).
● Abrahamic, granting blessings through Abram’s family (Genesis15:18).
● Sinaitic, designating Israel as God’s chosen people (Exodus 19:5,6).
● Levitical, making reconciliation through priestly atonement (Numbers 25:12,13).
● Davidic, Messianic salvation promised through David’s dynasty (2Samuel 23:5).
The Abrahamic Covenant
Of particular interest is the Abrahamic covenant found in Genesis Chapters 12-17.
In Chapter 15, the following verses are found:
9-10 – “Yahweh said to Abraham, ‘Bring me a heifer three years old, a female goat three years old, a ram three years old, a turtledove, and a young pigeon’. And Abraham brought him all these, cut them in half, and laid each half over against the other. But he did not cut the birds in half.”
17 – “When the sun had gone down and it was dark, behold, a smoking fire pot and a flaming torch passed between these pieces.”
The Significance of The Shed Blood
Normally, both parties would be pledging their lives to the endurance of the covenant relationship so the shedding of blood represented an inviolable commitment to loyalty on pain of death. However, in verse 17, Yahweh is the only one who walks through the blood sacrifice. Only he will pay the price with his life and blood if the covenant is broken. The covenant is restated in Genesis 17:2-9 and Deuteronomy 1:7-8 for the descendants of Abraham’s son, Isaac.
The New Testament
Scripture gives us three pictures of the Lord’s Supper in which Yeshua proclaims that it is his blood of the covenant, that is shed to uphold the Abrahamic Covenant:
Matthew 26:27-28 – “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins.”
Mark 14:22-23 – “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many.”
Luke 22:20 – “This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.”
The blood covenant is the most binding covenant any two people or groups of people can enter into. Once committed to, the only way out of it is by the death of one or both of the covenant makers. It is something that is never entered into lightly. Yahweh/Yeshua took the entire responsibility for the upholding of the blood covenant upon themselves, and Yeshua paid that price at his crucifixion.
Yahweh does nothing without first giving advance notice (Amos 3:7). Tom Horn, along with several scientists have set the impact of Wormwood on the Earth in April 2029. If this date corresponds with the mid-tribulation period described in Revelation 8:10-11, then time is incredibly short, and advance notice has been given – Yeshua Ha’Mashiach is coming soon – Be sure he is your Redeemer, King, and High Priest.